PRODUCT INFORMATION

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SPORES & MICROSCOPY

Mushrooms spores are microscopic and can only be viewed individually with the use of a microscope.

At 400x magnification they can be observed, but 1000x magnification will be required to see the spore’s unique features.

A wet mount slide is the most common type of slide preparation for microscope work. Wet mount slides are used to view living organisms, as well as liquid substances of all varieties. The preparation of a wet mount slide includes a microscope slide or depressed slide, a cover slip, and an eye dropper can be useful, but is not required.

To prepare a wet mount slide to view under the microscope, place a single drop of spore solution onto a microscope slide. Spore solution is composed of sterilized distilled water and spores. Slowly put the cover slip over top as air bubbles can get trapped and obstruct the view. Press down gently and use a clean paper towel to absorb the excess liquid.

First described scientifically in 1906 by Franklin Summer Earle as Stropharia cubensis.

Cubensis means “coming from Cuba” which refers to the geographical location it was first discovered.

Psilocybe is derived from the Greek words Psilos and Kube, which translates to “bare head”.

Edibility: Hallucinogenic
Spores: Dark purple
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Hymenogastraceae
Genus: Psilocybe
Species: P. cubensis

All spores are strictly for microscopy and taxonomy purposes.

GOURMET GROW INFORMATION

LIONS MANE | CORDYCEPS | REISHI | ANTLER REISHI | SHITAKE | GHOST FUNGUS | OYSTER

Mushrooms are classified into edible categories which include choice, edible, inedible, or poisonous.

Choice mushrooms are considered by most expert mushroom foragers as the very best to eat largely due to taste, nutritional value and medicinal properties. All temperatures are recorded in Fahrenheit due to being more precise/accurate than Celsius.

Lions Mane
(Hericium erinaceus)

Lions mane is native to North America, Europe, and Asia.  A delicious choice edible mushroom with a flavor resembling crab or lobster.

Substrate type: Hardwood supplemented with bran
Fruiting vessel: Bag or bucket
Spawn Run: 10-14 days / 70-75F
Primordia Formation: 3-5 days / 50-60F
Fruitbody Development: 4-5 days / 65-75F 
Edibility: Choice edible/Medicinal
Spores colour: White

Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Russulales
Family: Hericiaceae
Genus: Hericium
Species: H. erinaceus

Shiitake
(Lentinula edodes)

 

Substrate type: Hardwood supplemented with bran 
Fruiting vessel: Bags or logs
Spawn Run: 35-70 days / 70-80F
Primordia Formation: 5-7 days / 50-60F
Fruitbody Development: 5-8 days / 50-70F
Edibility: Choice edible/Medicinal
Spore colour: White to Buff 

Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Omphalotaceae
Genus: Lentinula
Species: L. edodes

Oyster
(Pleurotus ostreatus)

Also known as the Tree oyster, P. ostreatus is commonly found throughout the world on dead and decaying trees.  Considered to be a saprophytic fungus, oyster mushrooms play a major role in breaking down and recycling dead plant matter.

Substrate type: Straw /Coconut coir & vermiculite / Hardwood supplemented with bran
Fruiting vessel: Bag, bucket or logs
Spawn Run: 12-21 days / 72-75F
Primordia Formation: 3-5 days / 50-60F
Fruitbody Development: 4-7 days / 60-70F
Edibility: Choice edible
Spore colour: White

Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Pleurotaceae
Genus: Pleurotus
Species: P. ostreatus

Ghost Fungus
(Omphalotus nidiformis)

A mushroom that glows in the dark!  

The bioluminescent gills emit a greenish light that can be seen in low light conditions.  Sometimes mistaken for oyster mushrooms in the wild, ghost fungus is not a mushroom you want to consume.  This mushroom is toxic and can cause vomiting and severe gastrointestinal upset.  These cultures are for novelty and education purposes only.  Found growing in the wild in southern Australia and Tasmania, the name nidiformis translates to “nest shape” referring to the growth pattern in mature specimens.

Substrate type: Hardwood supplemented with bran
Fruiting vessel: Bags or logs
Spawn Run: 65-80F
Primordia Formation: 65-80F
Fruitbody Development: 60-75F
Edibility: Poisonous/Inedible
Spore colour: White 

Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Marasmiaceae
Genus: Omphalotus
Species: O. nidiformis

Cordyceps
(Cordyceps militaris)

Cordyceps are entomopathogenic fungi which means that they parasitize many insects.  With over 400 species of Cordyceps, each species has evolved to infect its own specific bug.  The spores will land on insects, germinate and form mycelium inside the insect host essentially consuming it from the inside out.  Once conditions are right, the fruiting body will emerge from the insect’s head to produce spores and start the process over again.  They can be commonly found spread throughout the northern hemisphere.  Cordyceps were first described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753 as Clavaria militaris.  

Substrate type: Most grains with nutrient broth.  Rice seems to work best.  
Fruiting vessel: Jar culture/Tubs
Spawn Run: 18-25 days / 70-75F
Primordia Formation: 3-5 Days / 60-65F
Fruitbody Development:  28-42 days / 60-70F 
Edibility: Edible/Medicinal
Spore colour: Orange-bright orange

Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Ascomycota
Class: Sordariomycetes
Order: Hypocreales
Family: Cordycipitaceae
Genus: Cordyceps
Species: C. militaris

Reishi 
(Ganoderma lucidum)

Reishi has a long history of use for medicinal purposes dating back at least 2000 years.  This mushroom is considered an integral part of traditional Chinese medicine and is known as “The mushroom of immortality.”  The word Ganoderma translates to shining skin, which refers to the varnished like appearance of the Reshi mushroom.

Substrate type: Hardwood supplemented with bran
Fruiting vessel: Bag
Spawn Run: 10-20 days / 70-80f
Primordia Formation: 14-28 days / 70-80F
Fruitbody Development: 50-60 days / 70-80F
Edibility: Edible/Medicinal
Spore colour: Brown

Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Polyporales
Family: Ganodermataceae
Genus: Ganoderma
Species: G. lucidum

Antler Reishi 
(Ganoderma multipilium)

Formally named G. lucidum, DNA analysis in 2009 confirmed it was in fact a separate species to Reishi.  Antler Reishi is known to grow elongated fruit bodies (antlers) when a high concentration of co2 atmosphere is provided.  Reishi has a long history of use for medicinal purposes dating back at least 2000 years.  This mushroom is considered an integral part of traditional Chinese medicine and is known as “The mushroom of immortality.”  The word Ganoderma translates to shining skin, which refers to the varnished like appearance of the Reshi mushroom.

Substrate type: Hardwood supplemented with bran
Fruiting vessel: Bag
Spawn Run: 10-20 days / 70-80f
Primordia Formation: 14-28 days / 65-75F
Fruitbody Development: 50-60 days / 70-80F
Edibility: Edible/Medicinal
Spore colour: Brown

Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Polyporales
Family: Ganodermataceae
Genus: Ganoderma
Species: G. multipilium

 

DISCLAIMER: ALL ACTIVE CULTURES ARE STRICTLY FOR RESEARCH PURPOSES